Options In the Money and Out of the Money

Value of the option in the money, What Is the Value of a Call or Put Option?

Glossary What does time value of options depend on?

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  • Article Reviewed on July 31, Michael J Boyle Updated July 31, An option contract's value fluctuates based on the price of the asset underlying it, such as a stock, exchange-traded fund, or futures contract.
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  • ITM thus indicates that an option has value in a strike price that is favorable in comparison to the prevailing market price of the underlying asset: An in-the-money call option means the option holder has the opportunity to buy the security below its current market price.

There are more factors influencing time value of an option. Among the most important are time to expiration, interest rates, and moneyness — or whether an option is in the money, at the money, or out of the moneyand how far. This article deals with the last factor mentioned. The worst case scenario is that you will be holding the option until expiration and the option will expire worthless.

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Market price of every option is the sum of its intrinsic value and time value. When you add up the two, you get your maximum risk. Deep in the money call option When an option is deep in the money, you risk a lot in intrinsic value.

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  • Add, Subtract, Multiply, Divide What is the value of a call or put option?

For example, you have an option with a strike price of 20 on a stock which currently trades at The intrinsic value of this option is 30 dollars per share and you can theoretically lose this all if the stock falls sharply under So your total risk as the owner of this option is its market price, equal to intrinsic value plus time value. At the money call option Now compare this with another option on the same stock, but with the strike price of Because the underlying stock trades also at 50, the option is at the money.

What does time value of options depend on?

The intrinsic value of this option is zero. Your total risk as the owner of this option is its market price which in this case equals only its time value.

Now what would your total risk be in each case?

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In the at the money option example your total risk would be just the 2 dollars. Profit potential of call options Is the profit potential of the two options value of the option in the money Both are call options on the same stock and both would make you a profit if the stock trades above 52 at expiration assuming you would wait till expiration ema for binary options then exercise the options.

Your total profit from holding the option in both cases is 1 dollar for every dollar by which the price of the underlying stock will exceed 52 market price of the underlying stock at the moment of buying the option plus time value of the option at the moment of buying the option. People prefer less risk to more risk with same profit potential So what would you prefer to do?

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Risk 32 dollars or risk 2 dollars if the profit potential is the same in both cases? Of course every rational person would prefer to risk less.

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This is why in reality the time value of the at the money option would be higher than the time value of the deep in the money option. People are willing to pay an extra price in the time value for reducing their risk.

Consider buying the stock itself instead of buying the options.

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A stock has no time value, as there is no optionality in it. In fact a stock is like a call option with a strike price of zero and the underlying asset is the stock itself.

Time Value of In The Money Call Options

If you own a stock, your maximum risk is its market price. You can look at long stock as an extremely deep in the money call option with zero strike and zero time value.

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Conclusion: time is worth the most at the money The reason is that the ratio of expected profit to maximum risk is the best here and therefore the benefit from having the choice to exercise or not is the greatest here. For in the money call options, the closer an option is to a long stock position — this means the lower its strike price is — the smaller its time value will be.

The time value will increase as the option gets closer to the at the money area.

Should I Buy Out of the Money Call Options?