# Options position calculation. The Basics of Options Trades

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And here the same for short call position the inverse of long call. Call Option Payoff Diagram Buying a call option is the simplest of option trades. A call option gives you the right, but not obligation, to buy the underlying security at the given strike price.

### Position sizing rule for Options Trading

The key variables are: Strike price 45 in the example above Initial price at which you have bought the option 2. Below the strike, the payoff chart is constant and negative the trade is a loss.

Call Option Scenarios and Profit or Loss Three things can generally happen when you are long a call option. Options position calculation example, if underlying price is Same options position calculation scenario 1 in fact. Underlying price is higher than strike price Finally, this is the scenario which a call option holder is hoping for.

Because options strategy option gives you the right to buy the underlying at strike price If you bought the option at 2.

You can also see this in the payoff diagram where underlying price X-axis is Call Option Payoff Formula The total profit or loss from a long call trade is always a sum of two things: Initial cash flow Cash flow at expiration Initial cash flow Initial cash flow is constant — the same under all scenarios. Cash flow at expiration The second component of a call option payoff, cash flow at expiration, varies depending on underlying price. That said, it is actually quite simple and you can construct it from the scenarios discussed above.

### Put Option Payoff Diagram

If underlying price is below than or equal to strike price, the cash flow at expiration is always zero, as you just let the option expire and do nothing. If underlying price is above the strike price, you exercise the option and you can immediately sell it on the market at the current underlying price.

- Long Put Option Position is Bearish While a call option gives you the right to buy the underlying security, a put option represents the right but not obligation to sell the underlying at the given strike price.
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- Think of position delta this way: options act as a substitute for a certain number of shares of the underlying stock.
- We will be using BTC in the examples to keep things as simple as possible, but the same calculations hold true for ETH options as well.
- Real- time charting options
- During his two-decade career in Asia and the US, Nathan has consulted in strategy, valuations, corporate finance and financial planning.

Therefore the cash flow is the difference between underlying price and strike price, times number of shares. It is the same formula. Besides the MAX function, which is very simple, it is all basic arithmetics.

### Black-Scholes-Merton (BSM) Option Valuation Model

Call Option Break-Even Point Calculation One other thing you may want to calculate is the exact underlying price where your long call position starts to be profitable. It is very simple.

It is the sum of strike price and initial option price. Long Call Option Payoff Summary A long call option position is bullish, with limited risk and unlimited upside.

Maximum possible loss is equal to initial cost of the option and applies for underlying price below than or equal to the strike price.

- Options state of the art
- Call Option Payoff Diagram, Formula and Logic - Macroption
- Delta Positive Figure 3: Delta signs for long and short options.

With underlying price above the strike, the payoff rises in proportion with underlying price. The position turns profitable at break-even underlying price equal to the sum of strike price and initial option price.