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Ivana Strineka Trbovic The French context was very specific. So, before starting it was decided to run an enquiry to make sure there was a real demand for a change. Most of IXPs were run by operators which may represent an issue regarding neutrality and independenceand were based on free business-model scalability issue : Paris was not seen as a strategic peering place, as the peering market was very fragmented.
The market study shown that there was a global agreement within the French Internet community to have a federative IXP in France. A workgroup has been conducted to foster the change. Then France-IX was born. We could have run either the association or the private company but it was decided to run both: customers sign a contract with the private company and at the same time they become members of the association with one right of vote for annual meetings to vote for closure of accounts, elect board members…and the private company brings more flexibility for operations, commercial aspects, marketing… To guaranty neutrality, the rules voted and approved are the same for all the members, independently of the size of the member.
Importance of board and board members The founding members did constitute the first board of directors, to make sure that the founding members were able to help and bring either human or financial resources to France-IX.
Some founding members also made equipment donations to help France-IX to start and avoid spending too much money. To maintain independence, it was decided to reimburse by the time the board members who had decided to support financially France-IX when it started. After 3 years, it was planned to renew the board by third, with members being able to apply for a board seat: to avoid any dispute, the board members to be renewed have been designated by a internet exchange earnings.
The very first board was composed of 6 seats, only internet exchange earnings people representing their company, and since the board was upgraded to 8 seats, with still 6 seats for companies and 2 seats for individuals.
Partnerships It was very important to consolidate the French peering market and fiduciary binary options trading the issue of the fragmented market.
Large footprint When France-IX was launched, it was decided to setup directly 6 PoPs around Paris, to make sure this footprint would maximize our capability to collect the existing networks. Choice of passive WDM was particularly pertinent versus active DWDM equipment as we were running a metropolitan infrastructure where the distance between PoPs is less than 30km usually.
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It was very cost efficient. Building a backbone and added-value Services An Ethernet layer2 infrastructure was built initially, and it evolved to a VPLS backbone in order to deploy easily new services.
It is partly true, but when you grow by adding additional PoPs engineering may become more complex, and your members will ask for more professional services. In our case, we decided to outsource level-1 support and keep internally level-2 support based on very skilled engineers having experience on WAN operators backbones or previous IXPs.
Pre-cable positions between the customer patch-panel and the switching platform in order to save time and avoid DC human works. Automate configurations whenever possible. In our case, we defined a very clear procedure allowing a new comer in the technical team to connect a member easily.
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Define the Network Technical Specifications and share them with the customers. This will permit to have clean configuration on customer side and will facilitate the operation of the network. Create a knowledge database and share it with the connected members.
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- In the Past, we had some local IXPs in rural areas.
Keep in mind that an IXP can grow very quickly and the time you invest initially is time you will save in the future. Cooperation and community When you run an IXP, you must always keep in mind 2 things: you can get support from the community useful to start withand when you grew it may be appreciated that you share your experience.
We decided to join Euro-IX association, which allow us both to get support and share at the same time. However, as soon as the IXP is growing the best-effort model for human resources is not scalable.
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In the case of France-IX, at the very beginning human resources were brought by founding members and we were also getting some help from the community. Now we have a strong technical and commercial team, internet exchange earnings all the people are employed by France-IX. However, the number of employees is not directly linked to the number of members connected to the IXP even if of course when you have more members it does generate more work : the staff growth is also driven by the diversity of services we propose by the time.
Community is very important. When running an IXP, you must listen to your community and meet the people also. Designing the network The very first France-IX design was a pure layer-2 backbone, very simple. Since came a second round when we decided to deploy new PoPs and to integrate core PoPs to have a dual-core networks to optimize the mesh and the cost of backbone links and still propose a resilient infrastructure.
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During this second phase we also generalized the use of passive DWDM equipment to bring scalability for interconnecting PoPs. The very last phase we deployed in summer consisted in introducing a third core PoP and make sure then that internet exchange earnings others PoPs were connected with fully redundant dark fibres paths to 2 of the 3 core PoPs and to generalize VPLS everywhere.
We also internet exchange earnings select equipment bringing much more density for 10Gbps ports and allowing Gbps connections. Last time we decided to renew the full backbone to have equipment with much more port density and also integrate more flexibility within the internet exchange earnings by generalizing VPLS, we did setup a lab which did simulate the whole new core network.
However running a Proof of Concept before deployment does not prevent from bugs or outages, even by generating some traffic during a large period of time. So it is very option premium boundaries in our case to get a direct and efficient support from the equipment vendor avoiding intermediariesas we are concentrating a very large numbers of connected networks.
In such context, when we run our tender to select the equipment vendor, a focus was not only done on equipment features but also on support. In order to optimize equipment life duration, when we renew equipment from core PoPs, we globally try to re-use them on edge PoPs options glass keep them for brand new PoPs and then we upgrade the equipment when a new PoP grows and does reach a critical mass.
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We also decided to deploy our latest backbone based on 2 vendors. For the choice of optical modules we also work with 2 vendors. At the very beginning of France-IX, we were pretty flexible regarding connections of new members. However flexibility may please a new member but it does not scale. Now, we apply very internet exchange earnings engineering rules allow only single MAC address, filtering rules, check for unauthorized protocols…but to make it work it is important to publish them so that everyone knows the rules.
The London Internet Exchange — better known as LINX — is just celebrating its twenty fifth birthday with a raft of international announcements. Like Souter, Lindqvist is an internet veteran, in the business since the s. Its owned by its members as a not-for-profit organisation, able to focus on investing service and membership fees into strengthening all LINX network services. You get a much clearer idea of where it is going. You have to do things where they are needed.
It is important to be transparent with this community providing information about how France-IX works on the technical side. We also send to our members trough a dedicated members mailing-list a quarterly report detailing the main actions undertaken during last months. How to make sure the IXP will last? Significant developments have been done on France-IX backbone infrastructure during the last few months, in order to prepare for important growth of traffic and number of members.
During summer, we will insert Gbps ports linecards in several of our chassis. This offer will be available on core PoPs in Paris, as well as in Marseille.
Paris and Marseille will continue to be run as 2 differentiated IXPs, even if a gateway is available for small members who need to peer on both by running one single connection. For larger members they will need to go through one of our resellers if they want to get connectivity to Paris earnings internet prostitution connected in Marseille, or even simpler connect directly to both Paris and Marseille.
We are also working on new services, like SLAs, market place… to make internet exchange earnings we match our community expectations. They will be available by the end of the year. Of course we will develop new services by keeping fair pricing, because of the model of our organization not for profit association owning a private company. We also keep in mind to either develop additional PoPs in other French regions, or establish partnerships with new IXPs in France when developed outside Paris or Marseille, as our goal is of course to continue gathering French community.
We have received requests to setup PoPs outside Internet exchange earnings. However, we also keep in mind the reason why France-IX was created, and the aim is not to develop everywhere in the world just because some others are doing it.
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By default, we prefer to work in a cooperation mode, in which we help and support other IXPs initiative internet exchange earnings potentially partner with them. Even when setting up new partnerships we also consider the mutual benefits rather than only looking for new commercial opportunities.
Access to French contents and partnering with French speaking countries is also a key point in our strategy. We receive many requests for partnering or even setup interconnection with us, but the point is not to collect as many partnerships or interconnections as possible. You need to have a global strategy and serious reason to do it. This is a great event to share experience and talk to other people who are willing to setup IXPs in Africa.
Our team will be happy to meet you there!