Option exercise mechanism
Roger Wohlner is a financial advisor and writer with 20 years of experience in the industry. He specializes in financial planning, investing, and retirement.
When used appropriately, these options can be worth a lot of money to you. Employee Stock Option Basics With an employee stock option planyou are offered the right to buy a option exercise mechanism number of shares of company stock, at a specified price called the grant price also called the exercise price or strike pricewithin a specified number of years. You cannot exercise your options before the vesting date or after the expiration date.
You can keep the 1, shares or sell them. Cashless exercise — You exercise your options and sell enough of the stock to cover the purchase price.
The brokerage firm makes this happen simultaneously. You option exercise mechanism left with shares of Widget which you can either keep or sell.
You are left owning a total of 1, shares of Widget which you can either keep or sell. This is not necessarily the case for incentive stock options. With proper tax planning, you can minimize the tax impact of exercising your options.
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Your employee stock option plan will have a plan document that spells out the rules that apply to your options. Get a copy of this plan document and read it, or hire a financial planner that is familiar with these types of plans to assist you. There are many factors to consider in deciding when to exercise your options.
Investment risk, tax planning, and market volatility are a few of them, but the most important factor is your personal financial circumstances, which may be different than those of your co-worker.
Should You Keep the Stock? Keeping too much company stock is considered risky.
Employee stock options ESOs are a type of equity compensation granted by companies to their employees and executives. Rather than granting shares of stock directly, the company gives derivative options on the stock instead. These options come in the form of regular call options and give the employee the right to buy the company's stock at a specified price for a finite period of time. Terms of ESOs will be fully spelled out for an employee in an employee stock options agreement. In general, the greatest benefits of a stock option are realized if a company's stock rises above the exercise price.
Corporate executives need to consider this in their planning and work to diversify out of company stock.