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Option premium

Understanding the Options Premium

An option premium is the current market price of an option contract. Option value formula is option premium the income received by the seller writer of an option contract to another party.

In-the-money option premiums are composed of two factors: intrinsic and extrinsic value.

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Out-of-the-money options' premiums consist solely of extrinsic value. For stock options, the premium is quoted as a dollar amount per share, and most contracts represent the commitment of shares. Key Takeaways The premium on an option is it's price in the market.

Mark Wolfinger Updated November 14, For almost every stock or index whose options trade on an exchange, puts option to sell at a set price command a higher price than calls option to buy at a set price. To clarify, when comparing options whose strike prices the set price for the put or call are equally far out of the money OTM significantly higher or lower than the current pricethe puts carry a higher premium than the calls.

Option premium will consist of extrinsic, or time value for out-of-the-money contracts and both intrinsic and extrinsic value for in-the-money options. Option prices quoted on an exchange, such as the Chicago Board Options Exchange CBOEare considered premiums as a rule, because the options themselves have no underlying value.

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The components of an option premium include its intrinsic valueits time value and the implied volatility of the underlying asset. Factors of Option Premium The main factors affecting an option's price are the underlying security's price, moneynessuseful life of the option and implied volatility.

At the same time, the premium is the price that the option writer receives for the obligation to buy or sell the asset in the case the holder of the contract decides to exercise their right. Key Points The premium on an option is the market price at which an option contract is currently valued. The premium has two components, intrinsic and extrinsic value. The premium will get more expensive, the higher the time-lapse of the contract, and the volatility of the underlying asset is.

As the price of the underlying security changes, the option premium changes. As the underlying security's price increases, the premium of a call option premium increases, but the premium of a put option decreases. As the underlying security's price decreases, the premium of a put option increases, and the opposite is true for call options.


The moneyness affects the option's premium because it indicates how far away the underlying security price is from the specified strike price. As an option becomes further in-the-moneythe option's premium normally increases. Conversely, the option premium decreases as the option becomes further out-of-the-money.

Option premiums explained Option premiums explained When you buy an option, you pay a premium for the right to trade at a set price within a predetermined time. Learn more about option premiums in this guide.

For example, as an option becomes further out-of-the-money, the option premium loses intrinsic value, and the value stems primarily from the time value. The time until expiration, or the useful life, affects the time value portion of the option's premium.

As the option approaches its expiration dateoption premium option's premium stems mainly from the intrinsic value.

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Implied Volatility and Option Price Implied volatility is derived from the option's price, which is plugged into an option's pricing model to indicate how volatile a stock's price may be in the future. Moreover, it affects the extrinsic value portion of option premiums.

Option premiums explained

If investors are long optionsan increase in implied volatility would add to the value. This is because the greater the volatility of the underlying asset, the more chances the option has of finishing in-the-money.

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The opposite is true if implied volatility decreases. Compare Accounts.