The option being traded can be exercised
Expiration What it Means Unlike a stock, each options contract has a set expiration date.
Exercise means to put into effect the right to buy or sell the underlying financial instrument specified in an options contract. In options trading, the holder of an option has the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell the option's underlying security at a specified price on or before a specified date in the future.
This date figures heavily into the value of the contract itself, as it sets the timeframe for when you can choose to buy, sell, or exercise the contract. Once an options contract expires, the contract itself is worthless.
Please note that exercising or selling your options contract is ultimately your responsibility. We don't guarantee that we'll do so. In some cases, Robinhood believes the risk of holding the position is too large, and will close positions on behalf of the customer.
Doing so would result in a short stock position. If only one leg is at risk of being in the money or in the money, we'll typically attempt to close the spread or match the option with another form of collateral like cash or stocks and let you exercise it.
You can view your expired contracts in your account history. Exercise How to Exercise If your option is in the money, Robinhood will typically automatically exercise it for you at expiration.
Assignment When you are assigned, you have the obligation to fulfill the terms of the contract. When you sell-to-open an options contract, you can be assigned at any point prior to expiration, regardless of the underlying share price.
Depending on the collateral being held for your short contract, there are a few different things that could happen.
No additional action is necessary. In this case, the long leg—the call option you bought—should provide the collateral needed to cover the short leg. If your long leg is In the money You can exercise the long leg of your spread, purchasing the shares you need to settle the assignment.
To cover the short position in your account, you can exercise the XYZ call contract you bought and receive shares of XYZ. Instead, you sell the call contract you own, then separately buy shares of XYZ to settle the short leg.
If your long leg is in the money In this case, the long leg—the put contract you bought—should provide the collateral needed to cover the short leg. When you exercise the long leg of your spread, you can sell shares to recover the funds you used to settle the assignment.
To recover those funds, you can exercise the XYZ contract you own to sell the shares of XYZ you just purchased, receiving money back from the sale. If your long leg is out of the money You can sell the long options are put of your spread, then separately sell the shares you need to cover the assignment. When your short leg is assigned, you buy shares of XYZ, which may put your account in a deficit of funds.
Instead, you can sell the put contract you own, then separately sell the shares of XYZ you just received from the assignment to help cover the deficit in your account.
To learn more about calls, puts, and multi-leg options strategies, check out Advanced Options Strategies Level 3. Decrease in Buying Power Early assignment may result in decreased buying power. Account Deficits Early assignment may also result in an account deficit if it causes you to use more buying power than you have available.
If you have an account deficit and choose to exercise your long contract to increase your buying power, you the option being traded can be exercised not be able to open new positions while your exercise is pending.
If exercising your long contract is sufficient to cover your account deficit, you should be able to open new positions once your exercise has the option being traded can be exercised processed. Margin Calls Early assignment may also result in margin call if it causes your account value to fall below your margin maintenance. If you have a margin call and choose to exercise your long contract to decrease your margin deficiency, your margin call may still persist while your exercise is pending. If exercising your long contract is sufficient to cover your margin deficiency, any margin calls should be lifted once your exercise is processed.
How Is a Put Option Exercised?
Funds and shares from exercises are available flat strategy options during market hours. If you exercise a position after market hours, your exercise will be queued and credited on the next trading day.
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- A put option is a contract that gives its holder the right to sell a set number of equity shares at a set price, called the strike pricebefore a certain expiration date.
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If the exercise happens after PM ET, it will be queued, and the associated shares will remain pending until the exercise is cleared. You can avoid this by closing your position before the end of the regular-hours trading session the night before the ex-date.
The day before the ex-dividend our brokers may take action in your account to close any positions that have dividend risk.
You can avoid this risk by closing your option before the market closes on the day before the ex-date. We could possibly close out this position in order to help reduce the risk in your account.
Article Reviewed on July 30, Michael J Boyle Updated July 30, As you learn about trading optionsyou'll find that options traders use terms that are unique to options markets. You'll see these terms appear often and understanding them can have a significant effect on your chances for profitability on an options trade.
This is only temporary and you can open new short call positions on, or after, the ex-dividend date. Disclosures Options trading entails significant risk and is not appropriate for all investors. Certain complex options strategies carry additional risk.
Robinhood Financial does not guarantee favorable investment outcomes and there is always the potential of losing money when you invest in securities, or other financial products.
Investors should consider their investment objectives and risks carefully before investing.
How Is a Put Option Exercised?
To learn more about the risks associated with options, please read the Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options before you begin trading options. Examples contained in this article are for illustrative purposes only.
Supporting documentation for any claims, if applicable, will be furnished upon request. Reference No. Contact Robinhood Support The 3-minute newsletter with fresh takes on the financial news you need to start your day.