Options Arbitrage Opportunities via Put-Call Parity

# Option is an opportunity, Option | Definition of Option by Merriam-Webster

These comparisons often arise in finance and economics when trying to decide between investment options.

The opportunity cost attempts to quantify the impact of choosing one investment over another. Here is the way to calculate opportunity cost, along with some ways it can be used to inform your investment decisions and more. What Is Opportunity Cost?

Investors are always faced with options about how to invest their money to receive the highest or safest return. If you choose one alternative over another, then the cost of choosing that alternative becomes your opportunity cost.

Opportunity costs are a factor not only in decisions made by consumers but by many businesses, as well. Businesses will consider opportunity cost as they make decisions about production, time management, and capital allocation. A simple way to view opportunity costs is as a trade-off.

Trade-offs take place in any decision that requires forgoing one option for another. So, if you chose to invest in government bonds over high-risk stocks, there's a trade-off in the decision that you chose.

POST: Introduction Opportunity cost refers to what you have to give up to buy what you want in terms of other goods or services. If your next-best alternative to seeing the movie is reading the book, then the opportunity cost of seeing the movie is the money spent plus the pleasure you forgo by not reading the book…. Sometimes people are very happy holding on to the naive view that something is free.

Opportunity cost attempts to assign a specific figure to that trade-off. An investor calculates the opportunity cost by comparing the returns of two options.

### How to Calculate Opportunity Cost

This can be done during the decision-making process by estimating future returns. Alternatively, the opportunity cost can be calculated with hindsight by comparing returns since the decision was made. The following formula illustrates an opportunity cost calculation, for an investor comparing the returns on different investments: How Opportunity Cost Works Investors try to consider the potential opportunity cost while making choices, but the calculation of opportunity cost is much more accurate with the benefit of hindsight.

When you have real numbers to work with, rather than estimates, it's easier to compare the option is an opportunity of a chosen investment to the forgone alternative. She chooses to buy ABC.

### Option Trading Strategy: Current Opportunity With GM, Part 2

Opportunity cost is often used by investors to compare investments, but the concept can be applied to many different scenarios.

Your friend will compare the opportunity cost of lost wages with the benefits of receiving a higher education degree. You can also consider the opportunity costs when deciding how to spend your time. He decides to close his office one afternoon to paint the office himself, thinking that he's saving money on the costs of hiring professional painters.

Your life is the result of your past decisions, and that, essentially, is the definition of opportunity cost. Limitations of Opportunity Cost The primary limitation of opportunity cost is that it is difficult to accurately estimate future returns.

The consideration of opportunity cost remains an important aspect of decision making, but it isn't accurate until the choice has been made and you can look back to compare how the two investments performed.

The Bottom Line An important principle in options pricing is called put-call parity. This parity states that the value of a call optionat a specified strike priceimplies a particular fair value for the corresponding put optionand vice versa. Thus, the price of a call and put should always hold a price relationship between one another.

While the concept of opportunity cost applies to any decision, it becomes harder to quantify as you consider factors that can't be assigned a dollar amount. Option is an opportunity you have two investment opportunities.

One offers a conservative return but only requires you to tie up your cash for two years, while the other won't allow you to touch your money for 10 years, but it will pay higher interest with slightly more risk.

### Thoughts and ideas. Some useful some odd.

In this case, part of the opportunity cost will include the differences in liquidity. The biggest opportunity cost regarding liquidity has to do with the chance that you could miss out on a prime investment opportunity in the future because you can't get your hands on your money that's tied up in another investment.

That's a real opportunity cost, but it's hard to quantify with a dollar figure, so it doesn't fit cleanly into the opportunity cost equation. Key Takeaways Opportunity cost measures the impact of making one economic choice instead of another. While it's often used by investors, opportunity cost can apply to any decision-making process.

Say that you have option A: to invest in the stock market hoping to generate capital gain returns. Option B, on the other hand is: to reinvest your money back into the business, expecting that newer equipment will increase production efficiency, leading to lower operational expenses and a higher profit margin. Assume the expected return on investment in the stock market is 12 percent over the next year, and your company expects the equipment update to generate a 10 percent return over the same period. In other words, by investing in the business, you would forgo the opportunity to earn a higher return. Opportunity Cost and Capital Structure Opportunity cost analysis also plays a crucial role in determining a business's capital structure.