# Example of a stock option. What Is Options Trading? Examples and Strategies

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The financial product a derivative is based on is often called the "underlying.

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What Are Call and Put Options? Options can be defined as contracts that give a buyer the right to buy or sell the underlying asset, or the security on which a derivative contract is based, by a set expiration date at a specific price. Note This specific price is often referred to as the "strike price.

A call option is bought if the trader expects the price of the underlying to rise within a certain time frame. A put option is bought if the trader expects the price of the underlying to fall within a certain time frame. Puts and calls can also be written and sold to other traders.

This generates income but gives up certain rights to the buyer of the option. Options expirations vary and can be short-term or long-term. With call options, the strike price represents the predetermined price at which a call buyer can buy the underlying asset.

What the Call Buyer Gets The call buyer has the right to buy a stock at the strike price for a set amount of time.

For that right, the call buyer pays a premium. If the price of the underlying moves above the strike price, the option will be worth money it will have intrinsic value.

### What are Stock Options?

The buyer can sell the option for a profit this is what many call buyers do or exercise the option receive the shares from the person who wrote the option. Writing call options is a way to generate income.

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However, the income from writing a call option is limited to the premium, while a call buyer has theoretically unlimited profit potential. Stock call prices are typically quoted per share. Therefore, to calculate how much it will cost you to buy a contract, take the price of the option and multiply it by At the money means the underlying price and the strike price are the same.

You can buy a call in any of those three phases.

### Intrinsic Value and Time Value

However, you will pay a larger premium for an option that is in the money because it already has intrinsic value. How Put Options Work Put options are the opposite of call options. For U. Here, the strike price is the predetermined price at which a put buyer can sell the underlying asset.

What the Put Buyer Example of a stock option The put buyer has the right to sell a stock at the strike price for a set amount of time. For that right, the put buyer pays a premium. If the price of the underlying moves below the strike price, the option will be worth money it will have intrinsic value.

### Exercising Versus Selling

The buyer can sell the option for a profit this is what many put buyers do how to withdraw bitcoins without verification exercise the option sell the shares. However, the income from writing a put option is limited to the premium, while a put buyer can continue to maximize profit until the stock goes to zero. To find the price of the contract, multiply the underlying's share price by Put options can be in, at, or out of the money, just like call options: In the money means the underlying asset price is below the put strike price.

Just as with a call option, you example of a stock option buy a put option in any of those three phases, and buyers will pay a larger premium when the option is in the money because it already has intrinsic value. Key Takeaways A call option is bought if the trader expects the price of the underlying to rise within a certain time frame.

The strike price is the set price that a put or call option can be bought or sold. Both call and put option contracts represent shares of the underlying stock.